Infusion therapy is a kind of medical treatment where medication is directly delivered into the patient’s blood vessel, muscle or spinal cord. This therapy is used when oral medication is not the most effective option for different reasons. Infusion therapy is used to treat different conditions.
Medications like antiviral, antibiotics and cancer drugs can be delivered directly into the body though infusion therapy. It is used in other cases too like pain management; the patients will receive pain relief through the use of an infusion pump. When a patient needs more fluids, infusion therapy can be used, it is also done after surgery and to deliver proper nutrition for those who cannot eat.
An infusion therapy can be received at the patient’s home to allow him to engage more in various activities and still live a normal life. In addition, it can be used in the treatment and management of a patient at home especially when transferring or moving the patient is not advisable. This can be used as a medication for people who cannot sleep. The patient’s life will not be in danger since the infusion team is composed of a doctor and an infusion therapy nurse; they are highly trained in the standards of infusion therapy.
Infusion training for nurses is a prerequisite before they can perform infusion therapy. Vocational nurses and licensed practical nurses are the ones who pursue this field of expertise through a certificate program in IV Therapy. Under this program, the nurse will be prepared to perform as an infusion nurse since she will be able to learn the following:
- Skin anatomy;
- Structures of the human veins;
- The different modes in the administration of IV infusion;
- Methods on how to measure IV dosages;
- Procedures for placing the IV catheter.
To get a certificate on IV therapy, the training involves lectures and hands-on training. Generally, the topics covered are: introduction of IV infusion, common IV drugs, administration, anatomy and physiology, vein structures, homeostasis, IV dosage and patient care and documentation.
To become an expert of infusion therapy, you must receive continuing education through trainings to cope with the technological advancement and become more competitive.