The Severity of Phlebitis 0

Losing weight through infusion therapies is probably one of the invasive and probably dangerous methods for shedding off the pounds. This is primarily because it puts you at greater risk for complications and infection. One of the most common complications as to infusion therapies is phlebitis.

Phlebitis is a condition wherein he veins become inflamed which can cause pain and swelling. It is considered to be one of the adverse complications of IV infusion. This is primarily the reason why IV sites should be routinely assessed and evaluated for any signs and symptoms of phlebitis; if the symptoms are evident, determine its severity.

The Severity of Phlebitis

The Infusion Nurses Society (INS) Standards of Practice recommends that a standardized scale that is valid, reliable, and feasible should be used for evaluation of phlebitis. For adults, there are actually 2 phlebitis scales that are being used today because it demonstrates both validity and reliability. One of these scales is from the Infusion Nurses Society that has been used over the years by infusion nurses.

INS Phlebitis Scale

  • Grade 0: no evident symptoms.
  • Grade 1: erythema at the access site with or without pain.
  • Grade 2: pain at the access site accompanied by erythema and edema.
  • Grade 3: pain at the access site with erythema and edema, as well as streak formation, and palpable venous cord.
  • Grade 4: pain at the access site with erythema and edema, streak formation, palpable vein greater than 1 inch in length, and with drainage that is purulent.
The Severity of Phlebitis

Visual Infusion Phlebitis Scale

The Visual Infusion Phlebitis (VIP) scale is another highly recommended phlebitis scale that was developed by Andrew Jackson, Consultant Nurse Intravenous Therapy and Care, Rotherham General Hospitals, NHS Trust.

  • 0: no sign of phlebitis. IV site appears healthy.
  • 1: one sign is evident; pain near IV site or redness near IV site.
  • 2: two signs are evident; pain, redness, or swelling near IV site.
  • 3: the following signs are evident; pain, redness, indurations in the IV site.
  • 4: the following signs are evident; pain, redness, indurations, and palpable veins along the IV site.
  • 5: the following are evident; pain, erythema, indurations, palpable veins, and fever.

The Job of an Infusion Nurse Specialist 0

An infusion nurse specialist’s job is to provide specialized care at the same time counselling to patients who need intravenous treatments or catheterization. He administers fluids and medications through IV lines, monitor vital signs and reactions and assists with hygiene and mobility. Also, he assists surgeons and doctors when there are treatment procedures as well as educate the patients with regards to their conditions.

The Job of an Infusion Nurse Specialist

An infusion nurse specialist generally works in emergency rooms and general hospitals while others are employed in living facilities, home health care facilities and surgical centers. Once the physician has determined the patient’s needs of an IV, the nurse gets the equipment and supplies needed, affixes the pouch that contains the right quantity of fluid or medication to the IV tube, locates the patient’s vein on either his arm or leg and then inserts the needle. When the IV is properly placed, the nurse must check to make sure the fluid drips at a correct rate and into the tube. After this, the nurse regularly checks the patient to ensure comfort and change IV pouch when it is already in the low level.

Almost all patients admitted in the hospital need IV medications and fluids so that their body systems will be stabilized. The work of an infusion nurse specialist is specifically for patients with different conditions whether they have acute traumatic injuries or chronic illnesses. While some of them are specialized to care for very delicate patients like those who undergo blood transfusion or dialysis. An infusion nurse is busy all throughout his shift at the hospital, he performs dozens of procedures.

The Job of an Infusion Nurse Specialist

Also, an infusion nurse specialist is vital in an individual’s goal to lose weight through surgery. He is part of the team that undergoes the operation and performs a specific job description. Also, an infusion specialist can be employed in a home health agency where he conducts regular visits to the homes of the clients to perform check-ups and medications.

With continuing education and training, a dedicated nurse can become an infusion nurse specialist and can eventually advance to a higher position.